29 Jun Results of an international survey on adherence with anticoagulation in children, adolescents, and young adults: Communication from the ISTH SSC Subcommittee on Pediatric and Neonatal Thrombosis and Hemostasis
The ISTH Scientific and Standardization Committee (SSC) Subcommittee on Pediatric/Neonatal Thrombosis and Hemostasis convened a working group on medication adherence to begin to understand the current state of clinical practice to inform priority areas for efforts to improve adherence for children, and adolescents and young adults (AYA) prescribed anticoagulants.
We sought to survey an international group of clinicians involved in anticoagulation management in children and/or AYA about perceptions of medication on health outcomes, clinical practice related to medication adherence, and barriers to assessing and improving medication adherence.
Clinicians involved in anticoagulation management in children and/or AYA were surveyed via REDCap®. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize demographic and clinical characteristics and responses to multiple choice and Likert-type questions. Free-text answers were coded based on the Behaviour Change Technique Taxonomy and the Expert Recommendations for Implement Change project.
Results and Conclusions
There were 200 participants, 90% of whom were pediatric hematology/oncology physicians. Based on the results, which demonstrate that clinicians are concerned about impact of poor medication adherence and have limited resources to identify and improve adherence, the working group has identified next steps to further understand impact of medication adherence on anticoagulation-related health outcomes, address the need for validated measures to assess medication adherence for all anticoagulants prescribed to this population, and develop an intervention and implementation research agenda to improve outcomes.