06 Jul Quantification of Cardiac Adipose Tissue in Failing and Nonfailing Human Myocardium
Journal of the American Heart Association, Volume 11, Issue 13, July 5, 2022.
BackgroundBecause body mass index (BMI) is generally used clinically to define obesity and to estimate body adiposity, BMI likely is positively correlated with epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) level. Based on echocardiography, previous outcomes on this matter have varied from almost absent to rather strong correlations between BMI and EAT. The purpose of our study was to unambiguously examine EAT content and determine if correlations exist between EAT content and BMI, cause of heart failure, or contractile force.Methods and ResultsWe qualitatively scored 150 human hearts ex vivo on EAT distribution. From each heart, multiple photographs of the heart were taken, and both atrial and ventricular adipose tissue levels were semiquantitatively scored. Main findings include a generally higher EAT content on nonfailing hearts compared with end‐stage failing hearts (atrial adipose tissue level 5.70±0.13 vs. 5.00±0.12,P<0.001; ventricular adipose tissue level 5.14±0.16 vs. 4.57±0.12,P=0.0048). The results also suggest that EAT quantity is not strongly correlated with BMI in nonfailing (atrial adipose tissue levelr=0.069, ventricular adipose tissue levelr=0.14) or failing (atrial adipose tissue levelr=−0.022, ventricular adipose tissue levelr=0.051) hearts. Atrial EAT is closely correlated with ventricular EAT in both nonfailing (r=0.92,P<0.001) and failing (r=0.87,P<0.001) hearts.ConclusionsEAT volume appears to be inversely proportional to severity of or length of time with heart failure based on our findings. Based on a lack of correlation with BMI, it is incorrect to assume high EAT volume given high body fat percentage.