29 Jun Functional Outcomes of Patients ≥85 Years With Acute Ischemic Stroke Following EVT: A HERMES Substudy
Stroke, <a href=»https://www.ahajournals.org/toc/str/53/7″>Volume 53, Issue 7</a>, Page 2220-2226, July 1, 2022.
Background:Observational studies have shown endovascular treatment (EVT) for acute ischemic stroke to be effective in the elderly, despite resulting in poorer outcomes and higher rates of mortality compared with younger patients. Randomized data on the effect of advanced age on outcomes following EVT are, however, lacking. Our aim was to assess the EVT effect for ischemic stroke in patients aged ≥85 years and the influence of age on outcome in a large, randomized trial dataset.Methods:Data were from the HERMES (Highly Effective Reperfusion Evaluated in Multiple Endovascular Stroke Trials) collaboration, a meta-analysis of 7 randomized trials published between January 1, 2010, and May 31, 2017, that tested the efficacy of EVT. A possible multiplicative interaction effect of age on the relationship between treatment and outcome was investigated. Ordinal logistic regression tested the association between EVT and 90-day functional outcome (modified Rankin Scale, primary outcome) in patients ≥85 years. Multivariable binary logistic regression was performed to compare primary and secondary outcomes (modified Rankin Scale score of 0–2/5–6) of patients ≥85 years versus those <85 years.Results:We included 1764 patients in the analysis, of whom 77 (4.4%) were ≥85 years old. A significant interaction of age and treatment on poor outcome (modified Rankin Scale score of 5–6,P=0.020) and mortality (P=0.031) was observed, with older adults having worse functional outcomes at 90 days compared with younger patients (adjusted common odds ratio, 0.20 [95% CI, 0.13–0.33]). However, a benefit of EVT was observed in the ≥85-year-old patient subgroup (common odds ratio, 4.20 [95% CI, 1.56–11.32]). Age ≥85 years was not significantly associated with differing rates of symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage or reperfusion (adjusted odds ratio, 1.92 [95% CI, 0.71–5.15] and adjusted odds ratio, 0.91 [95% CI, 0.40–2.06], respectively).Conclusions:Patients ≥85 years old with independent premorbid function more often achieve good functional outcomes and have lower rates of mortality when treated with EVT compared with conservative management, with an observed treatment effect modification of age on outcome. EVT should therefore not be withheld in this subgroup.